What is Cirrhosis?
Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring of the liver. Each time your liver is damaged, it tries to repair itself. But in the process, scars are formed. The more scar tissues form, the more difficult it is for the liver to function.
Make an appointment
To make an appointment or to request more information, talk to our consultants at Hernia & Gallbladder Centre WA: (08) 6163 2800
Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver. The major causes are:
- bruising and bleeding easily
- itchy skin
- yellow discoloration in the skin
- loss of appetite
- swelling in your legs
- weight loss
- vomiting blood (haematemesis)
- accumulation of fluid in the abdomen (ascitis)
- confusion (encephalopathy)
When your liver function decreases, fewer proteins such as albumin are produced. This results in fluid accumulation in the abdomen or legs. You may bleed and bruise easily due to a decrease in proteins.
Specialists diagnose cirrhosis based on:
- identifiable symptoms
- laboratory tests (liver blood tests)
- Other Imaging tests like MRI, CT, ultrasound
- Biopsy to measure the severity
Treatment will depend on the severity and cause. The goal is to delay the progression of scar tissue in the liver and avoid occurrence of complications.
In early stages it may be possible to minimise damage to the liver by treating the cause. People with cirrhosis caused by non-alcoholic fatty liver disease may become healthier if they control their blood sugar levels and lose weight. If your condition is caused by alcohol, you must stop drinking. Hepatitis medications may control damage to liver cells caused by Hep B or C. In advanced cases, when the liver stops functioning, a liver transplant may be the only treatment option.
Complications may include:
- high blood pressure in the veins that supply the liver (portal hypertension)
- swelling in the legs and accumulation of fluid in the abdomen (ascitis)
- bleeding of varices of the oesophagus
- enlargement of the spleen
- gallstones and bile duct stones
- buildup of toxins affecting the brain (encephalopathy)
- increased risk of liver cancer
Prepare your appointment
- Write down your symptoms including when they started
- Take a list of all your medications and write down your key medical information
- Done a medical test? Bring your results
The Liver Centre WA offers a complete service from diagnosis, assessment and definitive management of all upper gastrointestinal problems surrounding the liver. Call us: 08 6163 2800.
Make an Appointment
We’re located at
McCourt Street Medical Centre
1st Floor, Suite 10, 2 McCourt Street
West Leederville WA 6007
We also operate from
Northam Hospital Health Service
Outpatients Clinic, Robinson Street
Northam WA 6401